The effects of Nicaraguan Spanish Phonemes on the acquisition of English Phonemes

This is an explorative research about the effects of L1 phonemes on L2 phonemes acquisition. First, a pronunciation test was made in order to identify the problematic sounds. In addition, an interview was conducted in order to assess the main English teacher her teaching methodology. Finally, both t...

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Main Authors: García Irigoyen, Urania Rebeca, Castellón Rivera, Irene del Carmen, Jarquín Pineda, Josseling María
Format: Tesis
Language: Español
Español
Published: 2019
Subjects:
Online Access: http://repositorio.unan.edu.ni/11222/
http://repositorio.unan.edu.ni/11222/1/2621.pdf
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Summary: This is an explorative research about the effects of L1 phonemes on L2 phonemes acquisition. First, a pronunciation test was made in order to identify the problematic sounds. In addition, an interview was conducted in order to assess the main English teacher her teaching methodology. Finally, both the results of the test and data collected was contrasted. The results suggest that Nicaraguan learners have serious problems with these phonemes sounds since they omit, delete, add and substitute Spanish phonemes into English phonemes sounds. Furthermore, it is vital to conduct this investigation because the obtained information can help to Nicaraguan English learners to develop pronunciation skill in order to decrease first language interference on the second language at Experimental México Institute since transfer will take place from the first to the second language that might be negative when there is proactive inhibition. Nicaraguan Spanish language does not have pair words, silent sounds and also there are sounds in English language that does not exist in Spanish language. In addition to that, Nicaraguan English learners use to pronounce the words as they are written. Besides, it can provide guidelines for the English teachers and Ministry of Education to start including phonetic symbols and sounds lessons in the English curriculum.