The objective of the research was to analyze the communication between parents and children and how it influences the emotional development of the child, that is why this study is descriptive, explanatory and correlational. Thirty-five parents (20 mothers, 15 parents) and 20 children between the ages of 4 and 6 years of the Dagar community of the Guna ethnic group participated. For the study three instruments were used, for parents a question of communication parents and children adapted from Barnes and Olson (1982). Which has three components to measure the communication style most prevails in the parents either in the open, avoidant and offensive. For the children, a questionnaire of perception of communication of parents and children was applied, thus correlating the two points of view. And finally, the emotional development of the children adapted from (Henao and García, 2006) was measured. The results indicate that the perception that the children have as to how the parents communicate, is not the same as the parents say, however, there is a correlation between the offensive communication and the emotional development that is to say the children who receive a Offensive communication are usually able to regulate emotions, understand emotions and recognize facial expressions. Parents who exercise avoidance communication cause children not to express their thoughts for fear of not being heard and parents who practice open communication allows communication to be positive and fluid between their child.