Biogas production from biodegradable wastes at Tecnológico de Costa Rica, Main Campus in Cartago

The Project began with the establishment of four experimental biodigestors at the Agricultural Research and Practice Centre (Campo de Prácticas Docentes e Investigación Agropecuaria) from the Agribusiness School at Tecnológico de Costa Rica.Biodegradable solid waste from the institutional restaurant...

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Main Authors: Ávila-Hernández, Marianela, Campos-Rodríguez, Rooel, Brenes-Peralta, Laura, Jiménes-Morales, María Fernanda
Format: Artículo
Language: Español
Published: Editorial Tecnológica de Costa Rica (entidad editora) 2018
Subjects:
Online Access: https://revistas.tec.ac.cr/index.php/tec_marcha/article/view/3633
https://hdl.handle.net/2238/11805
Summary: The Project began with the establishment of four experimental biodigestors at the Agricultural Research and Practice Centre (Campo de Prácticas Docentes e Investigación Agropecuaria) from the Agribusiness School at Tecnológico de Costa Rica.Biodegradable solid waste from the institutional restaurant was supplied to evaluate biogas production. One of the biodigestors received only wastes, 8,1kg in total. The other one contained 8,1 kg of waste and 5 mL of Índigo® (an organic waste degradation booster), the third one contained 1,5 kg of rice husk and 4,05 kg of waste. The last one had a mixture of 0,4 kg “trasvala” grass (Digitaria decumbens) and 4,05 kg of waste. The temperature was measured at last four days per week with an infrared Fluke thermometer, model 62 Max +, and bubble production was monitored for a 37 day retention period, since this is a biogas production indicator.The institutional restaurant reported an average of 229.16kg of solid biodegradable wastes. By the end of the evaluation period, it was determined that the temperature in the four biodigestors was maintained in a mesofilic range from 20°C to 40°C. The C/N ratio of the analized residues was considered low, reported at 11,26. The organic material was higher thant 50% and pH was reported to have a value of six. The biodigestor that had the better results was the one that included Índigo®.