TUMORS IN COSTA RICA; EMPHASIS ON COLORECTAL CANCER

Currently in Costa Rica colorectal cancer has an incidence of 9,49% in men for every 100000 inhabitants, making it the fourth most common cancer in the country, while women ranked sixth in incidence with a 9,22 %. Furthermore, mortality is the fifth most deadly tumor in men and women became the thir...

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Main Author: Young Leitón, Jean Carlo
Format: artículo científico
Language: Español
Published: 2015
Subjects:
Online Access: http://revistas.ucr.ac.cr/index.php/medica/article/view/9999
http://hdl.handle.net/10669/12432
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spelling RepoKERWA124322021-05-02T23:27:49Z TUMORS IN COSTA RICA; EMPHASIS ON COLORECTAL CANCER TUMORES EN COSTA RICA: ÉNFASIS EN CÁNCER COLORRECTAL Young Leitón, Jean Carlo cáncer colon colonoscopia cáncer rectal Currently in Costa Rica colorectal cancer has an incidence of 9,49% in men for every 100000 inhabitants, making it the fourth most common cancer in the country, while women ranked sixth in incidence with a 9,22 %. Furthermore, mortality is the fifth most deadly tumor in men and women became the thirdmost common cause of death. This last point is the most significant, because with respect to mortality in women happens to be the fourth leading cause in 2000 to be the third in 2010, up from cervical cancer. The above data are based on studies by the Ministry of Health for the year 2007 (incidence) and 2010 (mortality). Described multiple risk factors, among which are those modifiable as diet, smoking and obesity and non-modifiable as polyposis syndromes and hereditary colon cancer is not associated with these. Usually early symptoms of colorectal cancer are nonspecific, so they show up in more advanced stages of the disease when the clinic is more evident, rectal bleeding being one of the most common symptoms. Treatment will depend on whether the tumor is in early or advanced stages, where appropriate surgery along with adjuvant chemotherapy has shown better in healing rates. Actualmente en Costa Rica el cáncer colorrectal tiene una incidencia en hombres de 9,49% por cada 100 000 habitantes, convirtiéndolo en el cuarto tumor más frecuente en el país, mientras que en las mujeres ocupa el sexto lugar en incidencia con un 9,22%. Además, en mortalidad es el quinto tumor más letal en hombres y en mujeres se convirtió en la tercera causa de muerte más frecuente. Este último punto es el más significativo, ya que con respecto a la mortalidad en mujeres pasa de ser la cuarta causa en el año 2000 a ser la tercera en el 2010, por encima del cáncer de cérvix. Los datos anteriores se basan en estudios del Ministerio de Salud para el año 2007 (incidencia) y 2010 (mortalidad). Se han descrito múltiples factores de riesgo, entre los  cuales se encuentran aquellos modificables como la dieta, el fumado y la obesidad y los  no modificables como los síndromes  polipósicos y el cáncer de colon hereditario no asociado a estos. Usualmente los síntomas tempranos del cáncer de colon  y recto son  inespecíficos, por lo que se muestran hasta en estadios más avanzados de la enfermedad cuando la clínica es más evidente, siendo el sangrado rectal uno de los síntomas más frecuentes. El tratamiento dependerá de  si el tumor se encuentra en etapas tempranas o avanzadas, en donde la intervención quirúrgica adecuada, junto con quimioterapia adyuvante ha demostrado mejores índices en la curación. 2015-05-18T19:44:11Z 2015-05-18T19:44:11Z 2013-05-30 00:00:00 2015-05-18T19:44:11Z artículo científico http://revistas.ucr.ac.cr/index.php/medica/article/view/9999 http://hdl.handle.net/10669/12432 10.15517/rmu.v7i1.9999 es Revista Médica de la Universidad de Costa Rica Vol. 7 Núm. 1 - application/pdf
institution Universidad de Costa Rica
collection Repositorio KERWA
language Español
topic cáncer colon
colonoscopia
cáncer rectal
spellingShingle cáncer colon
colonoscopia
cáncer rectal
Young Leitón, Jean Carlo
TUMORS IN COSTA RICA; EMPHASIS ON COLORECTAL CANCER
description Currently in Costa Rica colorectal cancer has an incidence of 9,49% in men for every 100000 inhabitants, making it the fourth most common cancer in the country, while women ranked sixth in incidence with a 9,22 %. Furthermore, mortality is the fifth most deadly tumor in men and women became the thirdmost common cause of death. This last point is the most significant, because with respect to mortality in women happens to be the fourth leading cause in 2000 to be the third in 2010, up from cervical cancer. The above data are based on studies by the Ministry of Health for the year 2007 (incidence) and 2010 (mortality). Described multiple risk factors, among which are those modifiable as diet, smoking and obesity and non-modifiable as polyposis syndromes and hereditary colon cancer is not associated with these. Usually early symptoms of colorectal cancer are nonspecific, so they show up in more advanced stages of the disease when the clinic is more evident, rectal bleeding being one of the most common symptoms. Treatment will depend on whether the tumor is in early or advanced stages, where appropriate surgery along with adjuvant chemotherapy has shown better in healing rates.
format artículo científico
author Young Leitón, Jean Carlo
author_sort Young Leitón, Jean Carlo
title TUMORS IN COSTA RICA; EMPHASIS ON COLORECTAL CANCER
title_short TUMORS IN COSTA RICA; EMPHASIS ON COLORECTAL CANCER
title_full TUMORS IN COSTA RICA; EMPHASIS ON COLORECTAL CANCER
title_fullStr TUMORS IN COSTA RICA; EMPHASIS ON COLORECTAL CANCER
title_full_unstemmed TUMORS IN COSTA RICA; EMPHASIS ON COLORECTAL CANCER
title_sort tumors in costa rica; emphasis on colorectal cancer
publishDate 2015
url http://revistas.ucr.ac.cr/index.php/medica/article/view/9999
http://hdl.handle.net/10669/12432
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score 11.949788