Otolith shape analysis as a tool for population discrimination of the white grunt (Haemulon Plumieri) stock in the northern coast of the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico

In this study, the population structure of the white grunt (Haemulon plumieri) from the northern coast of the Yucatan Peninsula was determined through an otolith shape analysis based on the samples collected in three locations: Celestún (N 20°49’,W 90°25’), Dzilam (N 21°23’, W 88°54’) and Cancún (N...

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Main Authors: Treinen-Crespo, Christina, Villegas-Hernández, Harold, Guillén-Hernández, Sergio, Ruiz-Zárate, Miguel Ángel, González-Salas, Carlos
Format: Artículo
Language: Español
Published: Universidad Nacional de Costa Rica, EUNA 2013
Subjects:
Online Access: http://www.revistas.una.ac.cr/index.php/revmar/article/view/4806
http://hdl.handle.net/11056/8182
Summary: In this study, the population structure of the white grunt (Haemulon plumieri) from the northern coast of the Yucatan Peninsula was determined through an otolith shape analysis based on the samples collected in three locations: Celestún (N 20°49’,W 90°25’), Dzilam (N 21°23’, W 88°54’) and Cancún (N 21°21’,W 86°52’). The otolith outline was based on the elliptic Fourier descriptors, which indicated that the H. plumieri population in the northern coast of the Yucatan Peninsula is composed of three geographically delimited units (Celestún, Dzilam, and Cancún). Significant differences were observed in mean otolith shapes among all samples (PERMANOVA; F2, 99 = 11.20, P = 0.0002), and the subsequent pairwise comparisons showed that all samples were significantly differently from each other. Samples do not belong to a unique white grunt population, and results suggest that they might represent a structured population along the northern coast of the Yucatan Peninsula. En este estudio, la estructura de la población del ronco blanco (Haemulon plumieri) de la costa norte de la Península de Yucatán fue determinada a través del análisis de la forma del otolito, sobre la base de las muestras recolectadas en tres localidades: Celestún (N 20°49’, W 90°25’), Dzilam (N 21°23’, W 88°54’) y Cancún (N 21° 21’, O 86° 52’). El análisis del contorno de los otolitos se basó en los descriptores elípticos de Fourier, cuyo enfoque indicó que la población de H. plumieri en la costa norte de la Península de Yucatán se compone al menos de tres unidades delimitadas geográficamente (Celestún, Dzilam y Cancún). Se observaron diferencias significativas en la forma del otolito entre todas las muestras (PERMANOVA, F2, 99 = 11.20, P = 0.0002) y las comparaciones por pares posteriores indicaron que todas las muestras fueron significativamente diferentes una de otra. Al parecer, las muestras no pertenecen a una única población, y los resultados sugieren que podría representar una población bien estructurada a lo largo de la costa norte de la Península de Yucatán.