The following nine new species of Pseudomethoca are described and illustrated: P. hansoni n. sp., P. roubiki n. sp. and P. ugaldei n. sp. from Costa Rica and Panama; P. bicarinata n. sp. and P. masneri n. sp. from El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua and Costa Rica; P. sermenoi n. sp. from El Salvador, Nicaragua and Costa Rica; P. bimaculata n. sp. from Panama and Ecuador; P. cartaginense n. sp. from Costa Rica; and Pseudomethoca jica n. sp. from Panama. New distribution records are presented for: Pseudomethoca expansa (André, 1906), Costa Rica and Panama, previously known from Guatemala, and Pseudomethoca tetraspilota (Gerstaecker, 1874), New Combination from Mutilla, Panama, previously known from the type specimen from Colombia. Pseudomethoca cleonica (Cameron, 1894), from Mexico, is an additional New Combination from Sphaerophthalma. We have prepared two identification keys for the females of 20 species of Pseudomethoca, including the nine new species.