Effects of Bothrops asper snake venom on the expression of cyclooxygenases and production of prostaglandins by peritoneal leukocytes in vivo, and by isolated neutrophils and macrophages in vitro

In this study, the ability of Bothrops asper snake venom (BaV) to increase the production of prostaglandins PGE2 and PGD2 was assessed in a mouse model in vivo and in inflammatory cells in vitro. In addition, the expressions of COX-1 and COX-2 were assessed. BaV induced an increment in the in vivo s...

Full description

Main Authors: Moreira, Vanessa, Gutiérrez, José María, Amaral, Rafaela Bacci, Zamunér, Stella Regina, Teixeira, Catarina de Fátima
Format: Artículo
Language: Inglés
Published: 2016
Subjects:
Online Access: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0952327808001841
http://hdl.handle.net/10669/29258
Summary: In this study, the ability of Bothrops asper snake venom (BaV) to increase the production of prostaglandins PGE2 and PGD2 was assessed in a mouse model in vivo and in inflammatory cells in vitro. In addition, the expressions of COX-1 and COX-2 were assessed. BaV induced an increment in the in vivo synthesis of PGE2 and PGD2, together with an enhanced expression of COX-2, but not of COX-1. However, enzymatic activities of COX-1 and COX-2 were increased. Incubation of isolated macrophages and neutrophils with a sub-cytotoxic concentration of BaV in vitro resulted in increased release of PGE2 and PGD2 by macrophages and PGE2 by neutrophils, concomitantly with an increment in the expression of COX-2, but not of COX-1 by both cell types. Our results demonstrate the ability of BaV to promote the expression of COX-2 and to induce the synthesis of proinflammatory prostaglandins. Macrophages and neutrophils may be important targets for this venom under in vivo situation.