Vegetation-environment relationships based on a life-forms c1assification in a semiarid region of Tropical Mexico

Taking the view that morphological characteristics represent behavioral strategies of plants to cope with environmental pressures, we defined 18 life-forrns, using multivariate classification techniques in a tropical semiarid ecosystem in Central Mexico. A multiple discriminant analysis confirrned t...

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Main Authors: Zavala Hurtado, José Alejandro, Valverde, P. L., Díaz Solís, A., Vite, F., Portilla, E.
Format: Artículo
Language: Inglés
Published: Universidad de Costa Rica 2015
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Online Access: http://revistas.ucr.ac.cr/index.php/rbt/article/view/21648
http://hdl.handle.net/10669/27318
Summary: Taking the view that morphological characteristics represent behavioral strategies of plants to cope with environmental pressures, we defined 18 life-forrns, using multivariate classification techniques in a tropical semiarid ecosystem in Central Mexico. A multiple discriminant analysis confirrned the existence of these groups. A nul! model of random rnembership of species to life-forrns was significantly different from our classification. Vegetation-envíronment relationships were exanúned wíth Detrended Canonical Correspondence Analysis (DCCA). Ordínation axes were ínterpreted mainly by altitude and soíl moisture. Response curves of life-forrns along these gradients were explored fitting generalized linear models (OLIM's). We believe that the life-forrns approach for the study of vegetation-envíronment relationships ís a valid alternative to the tradítional specíes approach usually used in phytosociological research because: í) lífe-forrns number was found to be an excellent specíes diversity predictor, ii) this approach enables considerable reduction in the bulk of data without losing ecological inforrnation, and iíi) life-forrns represent ecological strategies per se and, they constitute an index of the number of different ways the desert's resources are utilízed