Features Lepidochelys olivacea Nesting (Testudinata: Cheloniidae) between 2010 and 2012 in Playa Tortuga Ojochal, Osa, Puntarenas, Costa Rica.

Olive Ridley sea turtle (Lepidochelys olivacea) have been amply studied on Costa Rican beaches that experience mass nestings, “arribadas”, both in their nesting behavior and other aspects of their biology; however, very little published information exists about beaches where the Olive Ridley is nest...

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Autores Principales: Brenes Arias, Oscar, Bonilla Bonilla, Lorena, Bonilla Salazar, Adrián, Vega Delgado, Agustín
Formato: Artículo
Idioma: Español
Publicado: Universidad de Costa Rica 2016
Materias:
Acceso en línea: http://revistas.ucr.ac.cr/index.php/rbt/article/view/23113
http://hdl.handle.net/10669/26356
id RepoKERWA26356
recordtype dspace
spelling RepoKERWA263562017-08-08T18:49:35Z Features Lepidochelys olivacea Nesting (Testudinata: Cheloniidae) between 2010 and 2012 in Playa Tortuga Ojochal, Osa, Puntarenas, Costa Rica. Características de la Anidación de Lepidochelys olivacea (Testudinata: Cheloniidae) entre el 2010 y 2012 en Playa Tortuga Ojochal de Osa, Puntarenas, Costa Rica Brenes Arias, Oscar Bonilla Bonilla, Lorena Bonilla Salazar, Adrián Vega Delgado, Agustín Sea turtle nesting tagging south pacific population Tortuga marina anidación marcaje Pacífico Sur población Olive Ridley sea turtle (Lepidochelys olivacea) have been amply studied on Costa Rican beaches that experience mass nestings, “arribadas”, both in their nesting behavior and other aspects of their biology; however, very little published information exists about beaches where the Olive Ridley is nesting in solitary form, especially along the Southern Pacific Coast. For this reason, the objective of this study is to describe relevant nesting aspects, such as number of nest per season and nesting sites of L. olivacea on the Tortuga Beach in the South Pacific of Costa Rica, during three nesting seasons (2010, 2011, 2012). The beach was divided into 14 sectors of 100m each. Beach patrols were conducted every night from July to December (2010) and July to January (2011, 2012), with the purpose of observing and recording nesting behavior in the turtles as well as to protect their nests. The females observed were identified by means of metal tags applied to their rear flippers. Other data collected included: number of eggs deposited, nest location, hour, biometric data (width and length taken along the curve of the carapace), and the total of nests laid (found with or without the turtle present). After three seasons, 100 females of Olive Ridley Sea Turtle were successfully marked, and a total of 233 nests were counted. The frequency of re-nesting of an individual during a season was of every 14 to 20 days and four individuals re immigrated to nest again over the period of one year. The total population of nesting females during these three years was estimated at 117. The peak nesting happens in September, more sea turtles visited the beach during this period in all the seasons reported. With respect to biometry, the average value of the LCC was 69.91±1.05cm and the average value of the WCC was 70.476+/-1.767cm. A total of 18 711 eggs were collected and 9 858 were successfully hatched. The Tortuga Beach was proven to be a nesting beach of the species L. olivacea; the population of nesting females on the beach can be considered significantly reduced in comparison with other nesting beaches of the same species along the Southern Pacific Coast of Costa Rica. Furthermore, marking the turtles with metal tags has proven a useful tool towards the characterization of the nesting aspects of the sea turtles, such as the frequency and interval of re-nesting, and other variables such as the re immigration which requires a period of time greater than the time period of the study to date.  En las playas de arribada de Costa Rica el comportamiento de anidación y otros aspectos de la biología de Lepidochelys olivacea han sido ampliamente estudiados, pero existe poca información acerca de las playas de anidación solitaria en especial del Pacífico Sur. Por este motivo el objetivo del presente estudio es describir los aspectos relevantes del comportamiento de la anidación de L. olivacea en Playa Tortuga, Pacífico Sur de Costa Rica, durante tres temporadas de anidación (2010, 2011, 2012). Se dividió la playa en 14 sectores de 100m cada uno, a partir de esto se realizaron patrullajes todas noches durante los meses de julio a diciembre (2010) y de julio a enero (2011, 2012), con el fin de registrar el comportamiento de anidación de las tortugas y proteger sus nidadas. Las hembras observadas fueron identificadas mediante la aplicación de marcas metálicas en sus aletas posteriores, se registró el número de huevos, el sector de ubicación de las nidadas, la hora, datos biométricos ancho y largo curvo del caparazón (ACC-LCC), también se contabilizaron todas las nidadas efectivas (con o sin tortuga). Se logró marcar 100 hembras de L. olivacea, y se contabilizaron un total de 233 nidadas en Playa Tortuga. Se determinó una frecuencia de anidación de dos veces por temporada con un intervalo de reanidación de 14 a 20 días y para cuatro individuos se registró un período de remigración de un año. Se estimó para las tres temporadas una población total de 117 hembras y se determinó el período de agosto a setiembre como el pico de anidación. Con respecto a la biometría, se obtuvo un valor de LCC promedio de 69.91±1.05cm y un valor de ACC promedio de 70.476+/-1.767cm. Un total de 18 711 huevos fueron colectados y 9 858 neonatos fueron reclutados. Se ha comprobado a partir de las tres temporadas de monitoreo que Playa Tortuga debe de ser considerada como una playa de anidación de L. olivacea, a pesar de que que su población actual de hembras anidantes es reducida en comparación a otras playas del Pacífico Sur. El marcaje es una herramienta útil para la caracterización de la frecuencia e intervalo de reanidación.  2016-02-03 2016-05-03T15:28:19Z 2016-05-03T15:28:19Z info:eu-repo/semantics/article info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion http://revistas.ucr.ac.cr/index.php/rbt/article/view/23113 10.15517/rbt.v63i1.23113 http://hdl.handle.net/10669/26356 spa http://revistas.ucr.ac.cr/index.php/rbt/article/view/23113/23390 Copyright (c) 2016 Revista de Biología Tropical/International Journal of Tropical Biology and Conservation application/pdf text/html Universidad de Costa Rica Revista de Biología Tropical/International Journal of Tropical Biology and Conservation; Vol 63, No 1 (2015): SUPLEMENTO: Estudios científicos marinos en el Pacífico Sur de Costa Rica: esfuerzos hacia la conservación; 339-349 Revista de Biología Tropical/International Journal of Tropical Biology and Conservation; Vol 63, No 1 (2015): SUPLEMENTO: Estudios científicos marinos en el Pacífico Sur de Costa Rica: esfuerzos hacia la conservación; 339-349 Revista Biología Tropical; Vol 63, No 1 (2015): SUPLEMENTO: Estudios científicos marinos en el Pacífico Sur de Costa Rica: esfuerzos hacia la conservación; 339-349 2215-2075 0034-7744 10.15517/rbt.v63i1
institution Universidad de Costa Rica
collection Repositorio KERWA
language Español
topic Sea turtle
nesting
tagging
south pacific
population
Tortuga marina
anidación
marcaje
Pacífico Sur
población
spellingShingle Sea turtle
nesting
tagging
south pacific
population
Tortuga marina
anidación
marcaje
Pacífico Sur
población
Brenes Arias, Oscar
Bonilla Bonilla, Lorena
Bonilla Salazar, Adrián
Vega Delgado, Agustín
Features Lepidochelys olivacea Nesting (Testudinata: Cheloniidae) between 2010 and 2012 in Playa Tortuga Ojochal, Osa, Puntarenas, Costa Rica.
description Olive Ridley sea turtle (Lepidochelys olivacea) have been amply studied on Costa Rican beaches that experience mass nestings, “arribadas”, both in their nesting behavior and other aspects of their biology; however, very little published information exists about beaches where the Olive Ridley is nesting in solitary form, especially along the Southern Pacific Coast. For this reason, the objective of this study is to describe relevant nesting aspects, such as number of nest per season and nesting sites of L. olivacea on the Tortuga Beach in the South Pacific of Costa Rica, during three nesting seasons (2010, 2011, 2012). The beach was divided into 14 sectors of 100m each. Beach patrols were conducted every night from July to December (2010) and July to January (2011, 2012), with the purpose of observing and recording nesting behavior in the turtles as well as to protect their nests. The females observed were identified by means of metal tags applied to their rear flippers. Other data collected included: number of eggs deposited, nest location, hour, biometric data (width and length taken along the curve of the carapace), and the total of nests laid (found with or without the turtle present). After three seasons, 100 females of Olive Ridley Sea Turtle were successfully marked, and a total of 233 nests were counted. The frequency of re-nesting of an individual during a season was of every 14 to 20 days and four individuals re immigrated to nest again over the period of one year. The total population of nesting females during these three years was estimated at 117. The peak nesting happens in September, more sea turtles visited the beach during this period in all the seasons reported. With respect to biometry, the average value of the LCC was 69.91±1.05cm and the average value of the WCC was 70.476+/-1.767cm. A total of 18 711 eggs were collected and 9 858 were successfully hatched. The Tortuga Beach was proven to be a nesting beach of the species L. olivacea; the population of nesting females on the beach can be considered significantly reduced in comparison with other nesting beaches of the same species along the Southern Pacific Coast of Costa Rica. Furthermore, marking the turtles with metal tags has proven a useful tool towards the characterization of the nesting aspects of the sea turtles, such as the frequency and interval of re-nesting, and other variables such as the re immigration which requires a period of time greater than the time period of the study to date. 
format Artículo
author Brenes Arias, Oscar
Bonilla Bonilla, Lorena
Bonilla Salazar, Adrián
Vega Delgado, Agustín
author_sort Brenes Arias, Oscar
title Features Lepidochelys olivacea Nesting (Testudinata: Cheloniidae) between 2010 and 2012 in Playa Tortuga Ojochal, Osa, Puntarenas, Costa Rica.
title_short Features Lepidochelys olivacea Nesting (Testudinata: Cheloniidae) between 2010 and 2012 in Playa Tortuga Ojochal, Osa, Puntarenas, Costa Rica.
title_full Features Lepidochelys olivacea Nesting (Testudinata: Cheloniidae) between 2010 and 2012 in Playa Tortuga Ojochal, Osa, Puntarenas, Costa Rica.
title_fullStr Features Lepidochelys olivacea Nesting (Testudinata: Cheloniidae) between 2010 and 2012 in Playa Tortuga Ojochal, Osa, Puntarenas, Costa Rica.
title_full_unstemmed Features Lepidochelys olivacea Nesting (Testudinata: Cheloniidae) between 2010 and 2012 in Playa Tortuga Ojochal, Osa, Puntarenas, Costa Rica.
title_sort features lepidochelys olivacea nesting (testudinata: cheloniidae) between 2010 and 2012 in playa tortuga ojochal, osa, puntarenas, costa rica.
publisher Universidad de Costa Rica
publishDate 2016
url http://revistas.ucr.ac.cr/index.php/rbt/article/view/23113
http://hdl.handle.net/10669/26356
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