Una revisión teórica sobre el estrés y algunos aspectos relevantes de éste en el ámbito educativo

This article aims to discuss the contributions on the topic of stress presented by several theorists and approaches: physiologists, psychosocial, cognitive and integrators. The differences between distress and eustress are analyzed and the importance to achieve an optimum level of stress. Phases tha...

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Main Author: Naranjo Pereira, María Luisa
Format: Artículo
Language: Español
Published: Facutad de Educación, Universidad de Costa Rica 2009
Online Access: http://revistas.ucr.ac.cr/index.php/educacion/article/view/511
http://hdl.handle.net/10669/22976
Summary: This article aims to discuss the contributions on the topic of stress presented by several theorists and approaches: physiologists, psychosocial, cognitive and integrators. The differences between distress and eustress are analyzed and the importance to achieve an optimum level of stress. Phases that characterize it are analyzed: alarm, resistance and depletion and its relationship with anxiety and depression. In addition, different responses of the person to stress are explored: physical, psychosomatic, cognitive, emotional and behavioral. Some of the main generating causes of the stress are discussed: external situations such as those produced by the own personality characteristics and the particular forms to address situations of daily living. Important aspects that help prevention from it are reviewed, such as attitudes, exercise, the type of food, employment of leisure and personal planning, as well as those that allow facing it better, among this relaxation, meditation and the central role of the cognitions. Finally, relationship between of stress and education is reviewed, emphasizing the main generating sources of it in the student population and its effects in personal life and in academic performance.