PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND OTHER LIFESTYLE HABITS OF MEDICAL STUDENTS AT THE UNIVERSITY OF COSTA RICA

Physicians play a role as social models. Their personal habits affect their professional practice and the quality of primary prevention carried out. The main objective of this study was to determine if, as physicians in training, students of Medicine of the University of Costa Rica meet national and...

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Autores Principales: Jiménez Morgan, Sergio, Hernández Elizondo, Jessenia
Formato: Artículo
Idioma: Español
Publicado: Escuela de Educación Física y Deportes - Universidad de Costa Rica 2016
Acceso en línea: http://revistas.ucr.ac.cr/index.php/pem/article/view/19294
http://hdl.handle.net/10669/21699
Sumario: Physicians play a role as social models. Their personal habits affect their professional practice and the quality of primary prevention carried out. The main objective of this study was to determine if, as physicians in training, students of Medicine of the University of Costa Rica meet national and international recommendations on key components of a healthy lifestyle. Anonymous questionnaires were applied during the second half of the year 2014, to students from first to fifth year of studies (n = 206). Through these documents, some personal information was collected, as well as information about habits of smoking, intake of alcohol, frequency and amount of consumption of fruits and vegetables, and physical activity practiced by the population. First, it was determined that the majority of the participants ingested alcoholic beverages (52.91 %), with a low prevalence of active smokers (3.39 %). Second, even if subjects met national and international recommendations for consumption of fruits and vegetables, 40 % of them did not perform any exercise, and among those who did on a daily basis, 68.93% dedicated on average only 7.78 minutes to that activity. Finally, subjects who performed exercise once a week spent less time watching TV and more time studying. In conclusion, it is urgent to implement strategies for the promotion of exercise in this university student population to prevent these future professionals to develop overweight, obesity and chronic diseases associated with low physical activity.