Parámetros estéticos dentogingivofaciales de las provincias de Alajuela y Guanacaste

The purpose of this study was to analyze the dentogingivofacial smile parameters in a population of the provinces of Guanacaste and Alajuela in Costa Rica. 150 people are selected for the study, 73 people in the province of Alajuela and 77 in Guanacaste. Photographs were taken of participants using...

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Autores Principales: Delgado Montero, Víctor, Fernández López, Ottón
Formato: Artículo
Idioma: Español
Publicado: Universidad de Costa Rica 2014
Materias:
Acceso en línea: http://revistas.ucr.ac.cr/index.php/Odontos/article/view/13732
http://hdl.handle.net/10669/21307
Sumario: The purpose of this study was to analyze the dentogingivofacial smile parameters in a population of the provinces of Guanacaste and Alajuela in Costa Rica. 150 people are selected for the study, 73 people in the province of Alajuela and 77 in Guanacaste. Photographs were taken of participants using a positioner, which allowed standardizing the position of the head, then the pictures were classified based on the parameters of the smile, Tjan (1984). We conclude that the average smile predominant in males in the province of Alajuela and the high smile in female. In the province of Guanacaste the average smile prevails in both gender. The analysis of the relationship of upper incisal edges and lower lip shows that in the province of Alajuela a parallel smile is the predominant characteristic. For the province of Guanacaste, the inverted and straight smiles are predominant in males, and for the female gender the parallel smile. The contact relationship of the maxillary incisal edge with the lower lip is mostly contactless. In the province of Alajuela the predominant number of teeth exposed in men is 10 and for women are 12. In the province of Guanacaste 12 is the number of teeth presented in men and 10 in women.