Diversidad de orquídeas de las diferentes formaciones vegetales de los Andes peruanos

Due to the presence of the Andes Cordillera and the Humboldt Current, Peru has a great diversity of plant communities. For example, while the lowlands to the west of the Peruvian Andes are characterized mainly by being a semi-desert belt with dry forest, shrublands, and mostly seasonal vegetation fo...

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Autor Principal: Trujillo, Delsy
Formato: Artículo
Idioma: Español
Publicado: Universidad de Costa Rica 2013
Materias:
Acceso en línea: http://revistas.ucr.ac.cr/index.php/lankesteriana/article/view/11546
http://hdl.handle.net/10669/21228
Sumario: Due to the presence of the Andes Cordillera and the Humboldt Current, Peru has a great diversity of plant communities. For example, while the lowlands to the west of the Peruvian Andes are characterized mainly by being a semi-desert belt with dry forest, shrublands, and mostly seasonal vegetation formations, the eastern side of the Andes is covered by a vast wet forest of high biodiversity. In contrast to the lowlands on either side of the Andes, the Andean highlands throughout Peru are not as contrasting, although there are floristic differences because of diminishing humidity toward the south. Epiphytic orchids, which are distributed mainly in the montane forests of the eastern slopes of the Peruvian Andes, have been the goal of numerous botanical expeditions in order to document their diversity. By contrast, Peruvian terrestrial orchids have not received the same attention, although they are found throughout the country, from the deserts, xerophytic shrublands, wetlands at high elevations, even in areas where exotic species such as Eucalyptus globulus forest have been introduced. The present contribution describes the vegetation of the desert coast, inter-Andean valleys and highlands of Peru, as well as orchids that have been recorded in each vegetation type.