RETURNS TO EDUCATION, COHORTS AND BUSINESS CYCLE IN COSTA RICA: 1987-2008

A pseudo-panel approach is used to estimate the returns to schooling (RTS) in Costa Rica. Thisapproach ameliorates the “ability” bias due to the correlation between the level of education and nonobservablecharacteristics of the individual.We found that RTS are higher for older samples.Once we study...

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Autor Principal: Rojas, Luis Diego
Formato: Artículo
Idioma: Español
Publicado: Universidad de Costa Rica 2013
Materias:
Acceso en línea: http://revistas.ucr.ac.cr/index.php/economicas/article/view/10617
http://hdl.handle.net/10669/18662
Sumario: A pseudo-panel approach is used to estimate the returns to schooling (RTS) in Costa Rica. Thisapproach ameliorates the “ability” bias due to the correlation between the level of education and nonobservablecharacteristics of the individual.We found that RTS are higher for older samples.Once we study the behavior of the RTS -using different settings and estimators- we analyze theircorrelation withDeaton’s year, cohort and age effects. We found that the income of younger cohorts isgreater than the income of older cohorts, once experience and short run fluctuations of the economyare accounted for. This difference in income between generations is explained by differences in levelsof education. Other factors that differ between generations seem to be less important to explain theirincome differences. Finally, we present preliminary evidence suggesting that short run fluctuations ofthe GDP affect in a greater extent those with less education.