REVISIÓN SOBRE LA RELACIÓN DEL GENOTIPO PARA APOE4 Y EL DESARROLLO DE DEMENCIA TIPO ALZHEIMER

Introduction: Alzheimer’s disease is the mostcommon cause of dementia. Although there is anearly manifestation of 3 dominant autosomalgenes, they only explain between 1-2% of allcases. Efforts are made to establish the genetic risk for early diagnosis of the disease. Method:There are many scientific...

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Autores Principales: Román Garita, Nórbel, Boza Calvo, Carolina
Formato: Artículo
Idioma: Español
Publicado: 2015
Materias:
Acceso en línea: http://revistas.ucr.ac.cr/index.php/clinica/article/view/6516
http://hdl.handle.net/10669/14717
Sumario: Introduction: Alzheimer’s disease is the mostcommon cause of dementia. Although there is anearly manifestation of 3 dominant autosomalgenes, they only explain between 1-2% of allcases. Efforts are made to establish the genetic risk for early diagnosis of the disease. Method:There are many scientific studies related to pre-vention, diagnosis and treatment of Alzheimer-type dementia. This review focuses on the pres-ence of the ApoE gene and its relationship to thedevelopment and progression of the disease.Conclusions: Alzheimer type dementia has mul-tifactorial origin; however, for late-onset casesthe presence of the ApoE4 genotype is an im-portant biomarker of risk factor.