LA CARICATURA EDITORIAL COLOMBIANA. UNA PERSPECTIVA SEM?NTICA Y PRAGM?TICA

Editorial cartoons have been used as a mechanism of opinion, humor, and satire and of course as a tool of political and social criticism for many years. They generally use a picture and text with the purpose of transmitting a message. Therefore the impact of the cartoons lies either in the picture o...

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Main Author: Mart?nez Valencia, Francia
Format: Artículo
Language: Español
Published: 2015
Subjects:
Online Access: http://revistas.ucr.ac.cr/index.php/filyling/article/view/2355
http://hdl.handle.net/10669/14471
Summary: Editorial cartoons have been used as a mechanism of opinion, humor, and satire and of course as a tool of political and social criticism for many years. They generally use a picture and text with the purpose of transmitting a message. Therefore the impact of the cartoons lies either in the picture or in the text or in both. The main purpose of this article is to analyze, from a semantic and pragmatic approach, the discourse of more than 126 cartoons from different Colombian newspapers between 2010 and May 2011. The main findings suggested that: a) the Colombian ex-President, ?lvaro Uribe, is the most popular character in the cartoons, whereas corruption is the most frequent topic; b) The most common words used in the cartoons? discourse are chuzadas, Agro Ingreso Seguro, false positive; c) Finally, the most frequent speech acts used in the dialogues are assertions, questions and exclamations.