Verification of dry matter content as indicator of harvest for Hass avocado fruits (Persea americana) grown in intermediate elevation production areas at Los Santos, Costa Rica

The objective of this research was to study whether avocado dry matter content (DMC) could be used as an appropriate harvest index in substitution of fruit oil content (OC), for Hass avocados grown in intermediate elevation areas (1750 masl) at Los Santos geographical region, Costa Rica. A total of...

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Autores Principales: Cerdas Araya, María del Milagro, Montero Calderón, Marta, Somarribas Jones, Omar
Formato: Artículo
Idioma: Español
Publicado: 2015
Materias:
Acceso en línea: http://revistas.ucr.ac.cr/index.php/agrocost/article/view/15205
http://hdl.handle.net/10669/13994
Sumario: The objective of this research was to study whether avocado dry matter content (DMC) could be used as an appropriate harvest index in substitution of fruit oil content (OC), for Hass avocados grown in intermediate elevation areas (1750 masl) at Los Santos geographical region, Costa Rica. A total of 2000 pollinated flowers were tagged in 100 trees after fruit set. Thirty five fruits were evaluated each week, from week 31 to 44. It was found that both, OC and DMC, showed a rapid and significant increase after week 39 (p≥0.05), with a correlation coefficient between them of 0.92. Other observed simultaneous changes, related to fruit ripening, were the development of skin purple color (covering 74% of the surface area), the reduction of the adherence of the seed coat to the fruit pulp, and of the skin and seed to the pulp, as well as the decrease of the fruit firmness, from 118 N during the 31st week down to 57 N at week 40 and beyond. The use of 23% DMC in fruits is recommended as a harvest index for Hass avocado in Los Santos growing area, as an alternative to fruit oil content (OC).