Clay minerals identified in soils of Costa Rica from 1931 to 2014: II. Major clay types described in soils with vertic, and oxidic-kaolinic properties

This paper summarizes available information on soil clay mineralogy in topsoils of Costa Rica, including clay minerals described in B horizons when significantly different from predominant mineralogy in the topsoil. The soil clay suites (“predominant clay groups”) emphasized are grouped as: (1) smec...

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Main Authors: Alvarado Hernández, Alfredo, Mata Chinchilla, Rafael, Chinchilla, Miguel
Format: Artículo
Language: Español
Published: 2015
Subjects:
Online Access: http://revistas.ucr.ac.cr/index.php/agrocost/article/view/15161
http://hdl.handle.net/10669/13987
Summary: This paper summarizes available information on soil clay mineralogy in topsoils of Costa Rica, including clay minerals described in B horizons when significantly different from predominant mineralogy in the topsoil. The soil clay suites (“predominant clay groups”) emphasized are grouped as: (1) smectites and interstratified clays (Vertisols and other soils with vertic properties), and (2) oxides-hidroxides- oxihidroxides-kaolinite-gibbsite (in Alfisols, Ultisols and Oxisols). The soil clay genesis of these dominant groups is discussed when enough information is available.