Lobachevski descubridor de la Geometría Hiperbólica

We offer an overview of the geometric studies of the russian mathematician N.I. Lobachevski (1792?1856), which culminated with the discovery of the hyperbolic geometry. We analize the role of the V Postulate in the euclidean geometry and the ways some mathematicians tried to prove it. We also examin...

Full description

Main Author: Boza Cordero, Juan
Format: Artículo
Language: Español
Published: 2015
Online Access: http://revistas.ucr.ac.cr/index.php/matematica/article/view/109
http://hdl.handle.net/10669/12737
Summary: We offer an overview of the geometric studies of the russian mathematician N.I. Lobachevski (1792?1856), which culminated with the discovery of the hyperbolic geometry. We analize the role of the V Postulate in the euclidean geometry and the ways some mathematicians tried to prove it. We also examine the foundations of the new geometry and some of its relations with physics and philosophy.