?PEGAS? OR ?EMPACHOS" IN COSTA RICA AND CENTRAL AMERICA. HISTORICAL AND SOCIOANTHROPOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE OF A FOLK DISEASE.

Introduction. ?Empacho? (or "pegas" in Costa Rica) is a popular?constructed disease which refers to digestive?system?s disorders due to stagnation or partial arrest of gastrointestinal transit.??Methods and Materials. A historical and anthropological review about this ?pathological entity...

Full description

Main Authors: Campos Navarro, Roberto, Vargas Escamilla, Bianca
Format: Artículo
Language: Español
Published: 2015
Subjects:
Online Access: http://revistas.ucr.ac.cr/index.php/medica/article/view/8070
http://hdl.handle.net/10669/12427
Summary: Introduction. ?Empacho? (or "pegas" in Costa Rica) is a popular?constructed disease which refers to digestive?system?s disorders due to stagnation or partial arrest of gastrointestinal transit.??Methods and Materials. A historical and anthropological review about this ?pathological entity was made?from 121 texts collected in public and private libraries around the region. ?Results. Many files about ?empacho? exist in Central America since the sixteenth century to our days. The?concept, the epidemiology and prophylaxis, etiology, signs and symptoms, even treatments are similar from?Guatemala to Panama.?Discussion and conclusions. ??Empacho? is widely recognized by the popular and native people in Central??America. At least within bibliographical?references, it is more frequent in Guatemala, Nicaragua, and Costa?Rica. Every country along the region has shown an important conflict between folk medicine and?biomedicine, it has been underestimated by academic physicians that approach it as any other digestive?disorder such as dyspepsia, irritable bowel syndrome, intestinal obstruction, or gastrointestinal infection.??Empacho? is still, a long-lived and day-to-day health problems.